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      名師答疑:raise和rise的用法和區別

      kira86 于2018-09-25發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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      “raise”和“rise”的意思有什么不同?以及具體用法詳解。
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      Ask a Teacher: Raise of Rise?

      名師答疑:Raise 還是Rise

      Have you ever been confused by the verbs "raise" and "rise"?Both words mean "to move upward."They also sound similar.But we don't use them in the same way.

      你是否曾被“raise”和“rise”這兩個動詞搞糊涂?這兩個詞的意思都是“向上移動”。它們聽起來也很相似。但是它們的使用的方式不同。

      Adriana from Uruguay says:

      來自烏拉圭的阿德里亞娜說:

      I would like to know the difference in meaning between "raise" and "rise" and when to use one or the other.I asked this question to a U.S. citizen and she could not tell me the answer.

      我想知道“raise”和“rise”的意思有什么不同,以及什么時候使用這兩個詞。為此我請教了一個美國公民,她也說不出個所以然。

      Hello Adriana and thanks for writing to us!

      阿德瑞娜你好,謝謝你給我們寫信!

      That is a great question and something many English learners wonder about.The short answer is that "raise" is a transitive verb and "rise" is intransitive.I'll tell you what that means in a moment.

      這是一個很好的問題,也是許多英語學習者想知道的。簡而言之,“raise”是及物動詞,而“rise”是不及物動詞。我一會兒我再具體告訴你。

      But, as you saw, many native English speakers might not be able to describe that difference.I suspect the same is true for you in Spanish – the right words just come at the right time, perhaps without you knowing the technical reason.

      但是,正如你所看到的,許多以英語為母語的人可能無法描述這種差異。合適的詞語在合適的時間出現,我想你的母語西班牙語也是如此,或許連你也說不出個所以然。

      To answer your question more fully, let me begin by giving you the dictionary meanings of each verb:

      為了更全面地回答你的問題,讓我們先從每個動詞的字典意義開始:

      To raise means to lift or move something or someone upward.It also means to increase.

      To raise意思是把某物或某個人向上舉起或移動。它也有增加的意思。

      To rise means to move upward or to increase.

      To rise意思是向上移動或增加。

      Notice that "raise" includes the words "something" and "someone."That's the big difference between the two.With "raise," something is causing the upward movement of something else, whereas with "rise," the cause is not stated.

      注意,“raise”使用的對象可以是“something”和“someone”。這就是兩個動詞間的最大區別。在某物引起另一物的上升運動中可以使用“raise”,然而使用“rise”的語境中并沒有體現出這種因果關系。

      Raise is a transitive verb, which means it takes a direct object.A direct object is a person or thing that receives the action of the verb.Here is an example:

      “Raise”是一個及物動詞,后面可以直接跟賓語。直接賓語是動作的承受者。來看一個例子:

      Adriana raised her hand when she had a question.

      阿德里安娜有問題要問,于是她舉起了手。

      Here, the subject (Adriana) is causing the object (her hand) to move upward.Here's another example:

      在這個例句中,是主語(阿德里安娜)使她的手舉起來的。還有一個列子:

      The restaurant raised dinner prices for Valentine's Day.

      飯店在情人節這天提高了晚餐的價格。

      The subject (the restaurant) is causing the object (dinner prices) to increase.

      主語(飯店)導致了賓語(晚餐價格)的抬高。

      On the other hand, "rise" is intransitive.It is never followed by a direct object.Here's an example:

      另一方面,“rise”是不及物動詞。它從來不直接跟賓語,來看一個例子:

      Warm air rises.

      熱空氣上升。

      Here's another example:

      還有另外一個例子:

      Swedish stocks rose after the election Monday.

      周一的選舉日過后,瑞典股市上漲。

      Looking at this example, we can see there is a cause for the rise of stocks,but we do not directly state it in the subject-verb-object way do with "raise."

      由這個股票上漲的例子,我們可以看出股票上漲是有原因的,但是我們并沒有像“raise”那樣直接用主-動-賓的方式來描述“上漲”。

      Notice that the past tense of "rise" is "rose."That's because the verb is irregular: rise, rose, risen.But, "raise" is regular: raise, raised, raised.

      注意,“rise”的過去式是“rose”。那是因為“rise”是個不規則動詞:rise, rose, risen。但是,“raise”是個規則動詞:raise,raised,raised.

      Do you have a question for Ask a Teacher?Write to us in the Comments area.Be sure to list your country!

      你有什么問題要咨詢名師答疑嗎?在評論區給我們留言。一定要列出你的國家!

      And that's Ask a Teacher.

      以上就是本期名師答疑的全部內容。

      I'm Alice Bryant.

      艾麗斯·布萊恩特為您播報。

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