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      chenjie 于2015-04-09發布 l 已有人瀏覽
      增大字體 減小字體

       Some half a million years ago,Beijing man lived in Zhoukoudian,in the southwestern suburbs of Beijing. The climate of that time was warmer and more humid than it is today.  Forests and lakes in the area supported large numbers of living creatures. The fossil remains of Beijing man,his stone tools and evidence of use of fire,as well as later tools of 18 000 years ago,bone needles and article of adornment from the age of Upper Cave Man are the earliest cultural relics on record in China today.

      大約50萬年前,北京人居住在北京西南郊的周口店。.那時的氣候比現在的更溫暖更潮濕,當地的森林湖泊也促進了大量生物的成長。北京人的化石遺骸,他們的石頭工具和用火痕跡,以及后來大約18 000年前用過的工具,還有山頂洞人時期用過的骨針和裝飾品都是中國如今史料記載的最早的文化遺物。

      A city plan was first laid out in the Yuan Dynasty. Yet only after extensive reconstruction during the Ming and Qing,did the city emerge as an architectural masterpiece fit to serve as the capital of the Chinese empire. A north-south axis bisects the city with the Imperial Palace was known as Danei(The Great within).


      In the Ming Dynasty,it was renamed the Forbidden City(Zijincheng),and more recently it has come to be called the Palace Museum(Gugong Bowuyuan).Designed with thousands of halls and gates arranged symmetrically around a north-south axis,its dimensions and luxuriance are a fitting symbol of the power and greatness of traditional China.


      After the collapse of the Qing Dynasty in 1911,China fell prey to the Northern Warlords and Kuomintang,Beijing suffered the same fate as the rest of China,hobbling along like an old camel without a sense of direction. The Chinese People's Liberation Army formally entered Beijing on January 31 1949,opening a new chapter in the long history of the city. It was in Tian'anmen Square on October 1st,1949,that Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the establishment of the People's Republic of China,with Beijing as its capital.


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